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NCYC 2462

Candida wickerhamii

Pre 2011 Name

Candida wickerhamii

Equivalent Strain Designations

ATCC 36540, CBS 2928, CCRC 21495, IFO 10322, JCM 9568, NRRL Y-2563.

Depositor

CBS

Deposit Date

May 1992

Habitat

silage, containing olive husks, molasses and whey
Candida wickerhamii

Details

Candida wickerhamii

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Key Information

Aerobic Utilisation and Growth

  • Glucose +
  • Galactose +
  • Sorbose -
  • Sucrose -
  • Maltose -
  • Cellobiose +
  • Trehalose -
  • Lactose -
  • Melibiose -
  • Raffinose -
  • Melezitose -
  • Inulun -
  • Soluble Starch -
  • Xylose +
  • L Arabinose +
  • D Arabinose -
  • Ribose +
  • Rhamnose +
  • Ethanol +
  • Glycerol +
  • Erythritol -
  • Ribitol +
  • Galactitol -
  • Mannitol +
  • Sorbitol +
  • AMD Glucoside -
  • Salicin +
  • Lactic Acid -
  • Succinic Acid +
  • Citric AcidWeak/Latent
  • Inositol -
  • Gluconolactone +
  • Glucosamine -
  • Methanol -
  • Xylitol -

Strain Information

  • Information

    Produces ethanol from cellodextrins and cellobiose (Gonde P, 1984; Freer SN, Wing RE, 1985; Freer SN, Detroy RW, 1982; Freer SN, Detroy RW, 1983). Degrades cellobiose (Gonde P, 1984; Freer SN, Wing RE, 1985; Freer SN, Detroy RW, 1982; Freer SN, Detroy RW, 1983). Degrades cellodextrin (Gonde P, 1984; Freer SN, Wing RE, 1985; Freer SN, Detroy RW, 1982; Freer SN, Detroy RW, 1983). Produces ethyl alcohol (ethanol) (Gonde P, 1984; Freer SN, Wing RE, 1985; Freer SN, Detroy RW, 1982; Freer SN, Detroy RW, 1983). Produces glucosidase, beta; acid (Glucosidase, beta, acid; glucocerebrosidase). Type strain of Torulopsis wickerhamii Capriotti.

  • DepositorCBS
  • Deposit NameCandida wickerhamii
  • Month of depositMay
  • Deposit Year1992
  • Habitatsilage, containing olive husks, molasses and whey
  • Equivalent Strain DesignationsATCC 36540, CBS 2928, CCRC 21495, IFO 10322, JCM 9568, NRRL Y-2563.
  • ReferenceGonde P, et al. Fermentation of cellodextrins by different yeast strains. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 48: 265-269, 1984. Freer SN, Wing RE. Fermentation of cellodextrins to ethanol using mixed-culture fermentations. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 27: 1085-1088, 1985. Capriotti A. Torulopsis wickerhamii nova species. A new yeast from silage. Arch. Mikrobiol. 30: 383-386, 1958. Skory CD , Freer SN . Cloning and characterization of a gene encoding a cell-bound, extracellular beta-glucosidase in the yeast Candida wickerhamii. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 61: 518-525, 1995. Freer SN. Kinetic characterization of a beta-glucosidase from a yeast, Candida wickerhamii. J. Biol. Chem. 268: 9337-9342, 1993. Freer SN, Detroy RW. Direct fermentation of cellodextrins to ethanol by Candida wickerhamii and C. lusitaniae. Biotechnol. Lett. 4: 453-458, 1982. Leclerc M , et al. The enzyme systems in a strain of Candida wickerhamii Meyer and Yarrow participating in the hydrolysis of cellodextrins. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol. 30: 509-521, 1984. Freer SN, Detroy RW. Characterization of cellobiose fermentations to ethanol by yeasts. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 25: 541-557, 1983.

Physical Characteristics

  • Optimum TemperatureUnknown
  • Miniumum TemperatureUnknown
  • Maximum TemperatureUnknown

Cells

  • ShapeRound-oval
  • Min Broth Breadth (µm)2
  • Max Broth Breadth (µm)4
  • Min Broth Length (µm)2
  • Max Broth Length (µm)4
  • Min Agar Breadth (µm)2
  • Max Agar Breadth (µm)4
  • Min Agar Length (µm)2
  • Max Agar Length (µm)5
  • ArrangementUnknown
  • Colour on AgarCream
  • Surface on AgarShiny
  • Texture on AgarSmooth
  • Deposit in BrothNon-Flocculent
  • Ring in BrothAbsent
  • Ring ColourUnknown
  • Pellicle in BrothAbsent
  • Pellicle AppearanceUnknown
  • Pellicle HabitatUnknown

Cell Division

  • BuddingMultipolar
  • FissionAbsent

Filamentous Growth

  • PseudomyceliumAbsent
  • Pseudomycelium BranchUnknown
  • Pseudomycelium FormUnknown
  • BlastosporesAbsent
  • Blastospore ShapeUnknown
  • Blastospore LocationUnknown
  • Blastospore HabitatUnknown
  • True MyceliumAbsent
  • Clamp ConnectionsUnknown

Asexual Spores

  • BallistosporesAbsent
  • AthrosporesAbsent
  • EndosporesAbsent
  • ChlamydosporesAbsent

Sexual Spores

  • AscosporesAbsent
  • Ascospore ShapeUnknown
  • Ascospore WallUnknown
  • Ascospores No Per AscusUnknown
  • Ascus ShapeUnknown
  • ConjugationAbsent
  • TeliosporesAbsent
  • Teliospore ShapeUnknown

Miscellaneous

  • AssayUnknown
  • Salt TolerantUnknown
  • KillerUnknown
  • PlasmidUnknown

Semi-Anaerobic Fermentation

  • Glucose +
  • Galactose -
  • Sucrose -
  • Maltose -
  • Cellobiose +
  • Trehalose -
  • Lactose -
  • Melibiose -
  • Raffinose -
  • Melizitose -
  • Inulin -
  • Soluble Starch -
  • XyloseUnknown
  • AMD Glucoside -

Aerobic Utilisation and Growth - Sole Sources of Nitrogen

  • NH4 2SO4 +
  • KNO3 +
  • Ethylamine +
  • Cadaverine +
  • LysineUnknown

Other

  • Vitamin Free Growth -
  • Cyclohex 100 +
  • Cyclohex 1000 +
  • Glucose Growth 50 -
  • Glucose Growth 60Unknown
  • Lipolytic -
  • Acid Production -
  • Growth 37 +
  • Growth 40Unknown
  • Arbutin Hydrolysis -
  • Urease Activity -
  • Starch Production -
  • Acid TolerantUnknown

Genomic Sequence Data

No data