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NCYC 707

Lindnera jadinii

Pre 2011 Name

Candida utilis

Equivalent Strain Designations

ATCC 950, CBS 5609, CCRC 20325, DSM 2361, IFO 0988, NRRL Y-900, NRCC 2721,VTT C-78085.

Depositor

ATCC

Deposit Date

August 1967

Habitat

Unknown
Lindnera jadinii

Details

Lindnera jadinii

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Key Information

Aerobic Utilisation and Growth

  • Glucose +
  • Galactose -
  • Sorbose -
  • Sucrose +
  • Maltose +
  • Cellobiose +
  • TrehaloseWeak/Latent
  • Lactose -
  • Melibiose -
  • Raffinose +
  • Melezitose +
  • Inulun -
  • Soluble Starch -
  • Xylose +
  • L Arabinose -
  • D Arabinose -
  • Ribose -
  • Rhamnose -
  • EthanolUnknown
  • Glycerol +
  • Erythritol -
  • Ribitol -
  • GalactitolUnknown
  • MannitolWeak/Latent
  • Sorbitol -
  • AMD GlucosideUnknown
  • Salicin +
  • Lactic AcidUnknown
  • Succinic AcidUnknown
  • Citric AcidUnknown
  • Inositol -
  • GluconolactoneUnknown
  • GlucosamineUnknown
  • MethanolUnknown
  • XylitolUnknown

Strain Information

  • Information

    Transformation host for expression of carotenogenic genes. Used in Controlled Ecological Life Support Systems (CELSS) for food. Produces adenosyl-D-methionine and adenosyl-2-methylmethionine . Produces high quality edible protein. Assay of antimicrobial agent. Degrades RNA. Degrades alfalfa process wastes. Degrades ethyl alcohol [ethanol]. Degrades pickle process brine. Degrades potato wastes. Degrades rapeseed oil meal . Degrades sauerkraut brine (removal of lactic acid from sauerkraut effluent). Produces S-adenosylmethionine. Produces acetaldehyde. Produces ethyl acetate. Produces methionine adenosyltransferase [S-adenosylmethionine synthetase]. Produces single-cell protein (produces biomass on potato-starch effluent, fishery refrigeration brines & Opuntia cactus juice). Transformation host. Removal of dissolved nitrates, German Patent DE 29 41 680; European Patent 0 056 073 and 0 056 268, rem

  • DepositorATCC
  • Deposit NameCandida utilis
  • Month of depositAugust
  • Deposit Year1967
  • HabitatUnknown
  • Equivalent Strain DesignationsATCC 950, CBS 5609, CCRC 20325, DSM 2361, IFO 0988, NRRL Y-900, NRCC 2721,VTT C-78085.
  • ReferenceLawford GR , et al.. Production of high-quality edible protein from Candida yeast grown in continuous culture. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 21: 1163-1174, 1979. Maul SB , et al. New process for reducing the nucleic acid content of yeast. Nature 228: 181, 1970. Ohta S , et al. Characterization of a heat-shock process for reduction of the nucleic acid content of Candida utilis. Appl. Microbiol. 22: 415-421, 1971. Brewer D , et al. The antibiotic activity of cultures from fungal spores collected by a spore trap on permanent pasture. Can. J. Microbiol. 20: 721-729, 1974. Hang YD , et al. Sauerkraut waste: a favorable medium for cultivating yeasts. Appl. Microbiol. 24: 1007-1008, 1972. Lawford HG , et al. Hyperaccumulation of zinc-depleted Candida utilis grown in chemostat culture. Can. J. Microbiol. 26: 71-76, 1980. Armstrong DW , et al.. Production of ethyl acetate from dilute ethanol solutions by Candida utilis. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 26: 1038-1041, 1984. Nakamura KD , Schlenk F . Examination of isolated yeast cell vacuoles for active transport. J. Bacteriol. 118: 314-316, 1974. Stevenson KE , et al. Aerobic fermentations of pickle process brine by Candida utilis. J. Food Sci. 44: 181-185, 1979. Kondo K , et al. A transformation system for the yeast Candida utilis: use of a modified endogenous ribosomal protein gene as a drug-resistant marker and ribosomal DNA as an integration target for vector DNA. J. Bacteriol. 177: 7171-7177, 1995. Mudgett RE , et al. Single cell protein recovery from alfalfa process wastes. Trans. ASAE 23: 1590-1594, 1980. Miura Y , et al. Production of the carotenoids lycopene, beta-carotene, and astaxanthin in the food yeast Candida utilis. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 64: 1226-1229, 1998. Reiser CO . Torula yeast from potato starch wastes. J. Agric. Food Chem. 2: 70-74, 1954. Irgens RL , Clarke JD . Production of single-cell protein by the cultivation of yeast in anaerobic digester supernatant supplemented with carbohydrates. Eur. J. Appl. Microbiol. 2: 231-241, 1976. Riviere J , et al.. Production de proteines microbiennes a partir de mouture de ble. Ann. Technol. Agric. 27: 585-607, 1978. Phillipchuk GE , Jackson H . Rapeseed oil meal as a nitrogenous substrate for microbial fermentation. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol. 25: 117-125, 1979. Armstrong DW , et al.. Production of acetaldehyde from ethanol by Candida utilis. Biotechnol. Lett. 6: 183-188, 1984. Peterson GR . Reproducible analyses of microbial food for advanced life support systems. Enzyme Microb. Technol. 10: 586-592, 1988. Schlenk F , et al. Biosynthesis of adenosyl-D-methionine and adenosyl-2-methylmethionine by Candida utilis. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 187: 191-196, 1978. Shapiro SK , Schlenk F . Conversion of 5'-methylthioadenosine into S-adenosylmethionine by yeast cells. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 633: 176-180, 1980. Holcomb ER , Shapiro SK . Assay and regulation of S-adenosylmethionine synthetase in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Candida utilis. J. Bacteriol. 121: 267-271, 1975. Moreton RS . Growth of Candida utilis on enzymatically hydrolyzed potato waste. J. Appl. Bacteriol. 44: 373-382, 1978. Degradation of ribonucleic acid, biotechnol. Bioeng. , 1972, 14, 103-122.

Physical Characteristics

  • Optimum Temperature35
  • Miniumum Temperature10
  • Maximum Temperature39

Cells

  • ShapeLong-oval
  • Min Broth Breadth (µm)2
  • Max Broth Breadth (µm)4
  • Min Broth Length (µm)5
  • Max Broth Length (µm)9
  • Min Agar Breadth (µm)3
  • Max Agar Breadth (µm)4
  • Min Agar Length (µm)5
  • Max Agar Length (µm)7
  • ArrangementSingle
  • Colour on AgarCream
  • Surface on AgarShiny
  • Texture on AgarSmooth
  • Deposit in BrothNon-Flocculent
  • Ring in BrothAbsent
  • Ring ColourUnknown
  • Pellicle in BrothAbsent
  • Pellicle AppearanceN/A
  • Pellicle HabitatN/A

Cell Division

  • BuddingMultipolar
  • FissionAbsent

Filamentous Growth

  • PseudomyceliumIll formed
  • Pseudomycelium BranchRegularly branched
  • Pseudomycelium FormMycotorula
  • BlastosporesFew
  • Blastospore ShapeUnknown
  • Blastospore LocationVerticils
  • Blastospore HabitatUnknown
  • True MyceliumAbsent
  • Clamp ConnectionsAbsent

Asexual Spores

  • BallistosporesAbsent
  • AthrosporesAbsent
  • EndosporesAbsent
  • ChlamydosporesAbsent

Sexual Spores

  • AscosporesAbsent
  • Ascospore ShapeN/A
  • Ascospore WallN/A
  • Ascospores No Per AscusN/A
  • Ascus ShapeN/A
  • ConjugationAbsent
  • TeliosporesAbsent
  • Teliospore ShapeN/A

Miscellaneous

  • AssayNo
  • Salt TolerantUnknown
  • KillerNo
  • PlasmidUnknown

Semi-Anaerobic Fermentation

  • Glucose +
  • Galactose -
  • Sucrose +
  • Maltose -
  • Cellobiose -
  • Trehalose -
  • Lactose -
  • Melibiose -
  • Raffinose +
  • MelizitoseUnknown
  • InulinUnknown
  • Soluble StarchUnknown
  • XyloseUnknown
  • AMD GlucosideUnknown

Aerobic Utilisation and Growth - Sole Sources of Nitrogen

  • NH4 2SO4 +
  • KNO3 +
  • Ethylamine +
  • CadaverineUnknown
  • LysineUnknown

Other

  • Vitamin Free GrowthUnknown
  • Cyclohex 100Unknown
  • Cyclohex 1000Unknown
  • Glucose Growth 50Unknown
  • Glucose Growth 60Unknown
  • Lipolytic -
  • Acid ProductionUnknown
  • Growth 37Unknown
  • Growth 40Unknown
  • Arbutin Hydrolysis -
  • Urease ActivityUnknown
  • Starch Production -
  • Acid TolerantUnknown

Genomic Sequence Data

No data