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NCYC 614

Pachysolen tannophilus

Pre 2011 Name

Pachysolen tannophilus

Equivalent Strain Designations

ATCC 32691, CBS 4044, CCRC 20329, DBVPG 6666, IMI 344640, MUCL 31901, NRRL Y-2460

Depositor

CBS

Deposit Date

April 1960

Habitat

Extracts of concentrated tanning fluid from Castanea vesca (Chestnut), Germany.
Pachysolen tannophilus

Details

Pachysolen tannophilus

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Key Information

Aerobic Utilisation and Growth

  • Glucose +
  • GalactoseWeak/Latent
  • SorboseUnknown
  • Sucrose -
  • Maltose -
  • Cellobiose +
  • Trehalose -
  • Lactose -
  • Melibiose -
  • Raffinose -
  • Melezitose -
  • InulunUnknown
  • Soluble StarchUnknown
  • XyloseUnknown
  • L ArabinoseUnknown
  • D ArabinoseUnknown
  • RiboseUnknown
  • RhamnoseUnknown
  • EthanolUnknown
  • Glycerol +
  • Erythritol -
  • RibitolUnknown
  • GalactitolUnknown
  • Mannitol +
  • SorbitolUnknown
  • AMD GlucosideUnknown
  • SalicinUnknown
  • Lactic AcidUnknown
  • Succinic AcidUnknown
  • Citric AcidUnknown
  • Inositol -
  • GluconolactoneUnknown
  • GlucosamineUnknown
  • Methanol -
  • XylitolUnknown

Strain Information

  • Information

    Degrades cellulose. (Detroy RW , 1992). Degrades hemicellulose. (Detroy RW , 1992). Ferments D-galactose. (Maleszka R, 1982). Ferments glycerol [glycerine]. (Maleszka R, 1982). Ferments xylose [D-xylose] . Kurtzman CP , et al, 1982; Jeffries TW , 1987; Schneider H , et al, 1981; Maleszka R, 1981; Ohno N , 1986; Kurtzman CP, 1983; Slininger P, 1982). Produces D-xylulose reductase [xylitol dehydrogenase]. (Bolen PL, 1985; Ditzelmuller G, 1984; Bolen PL, 1986; Rokem JS , Zomer E, 1982). Produces alcohol dehydrogenase. (Bolen PL , 1986). Produces aldehyde reductase [xylose reductase]. (Bolen PL , 1985; Bolen PL , 1986). Produces ethyl alcohol [ethanol] .(Kurtzman CP, 1982; Jeffries TW, 1987; Mahmourides G, 1985; Maleszka R, 1982; Schneider H, 1981; Maleszka R, 1981; Kurtzman C , 1983; Slininger PJ , et al, 1982; Detroy RW, 1982). Produces riboflavin [vitamin B2] .(Vanetti MC , 1992) Production of ethanol, US Patent 4,359,534. Enhanced ethanol tolerance (Kavanagh K, 1994). Trehalase activity (Soto T, 1996).

  • DepositorCBS
  • Deposit NamePachysolen tannophilus
  • Month of depositApril
  • Deposit Year1960
  • HabitatExtracts of concentrated tanning fluid from Castanea vesca (Chestnut), Germany.
  • Equivalent Strain DesignationsATCC 32691, CBS 4044, CCRC 20329, DBVPG 6666, IMI 344640, MUCL 31901, NRRL Y-2460
  • ReferenceBolen PL , Detroy RW . Induction of NADPH-linked D-xylose reductase and NAD-linked xylitol dehydrogenase activities in Pachysolen tannophilus by D-xylose, L-arabinose, or D-galactose. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 26: 302-307, 1985. Ditzelmuller G , et al.. Xylitol dehydrogenase from Pachysolen tannophilus. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 25: 195-198, 1984. Bolen PL , et al.. Affinity purifications of aldose reductase and xylitol dehydrogenase from the xylose-fermenting yeast Pachysolen tannophilus. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 52: 660-664, 1986. Rokem JS , Zomer E . Scale up of the production of xylitol dehydrogenase and alcohol dehydrogenase from Pachysolen tannophilus. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 26: 231-233, 1987. Kurtzman CP , et al.. Conversion of D-xylose to ethanol by the yeast Pachysolen tannophilus. US Patent 4,359,534 dated Nov 16 1982 Jeffries TW . Process for enhanced fermentation of xylose to ethanol. US Patent 4,663,284 dated May 5 1987 Mahmourides G , et al.. Ethanol accumulation in cultures of Pachysolen tannophilus on D-xylose is associated with a transition to a state of low oxygen consumption. Bio-Technology 3: 59-62, 1985. Boidin J , Adzet JM . Deux curieuses levures isolees d'extraits tannants d'origine vegetale: Pachysolen (nov. gen.) tannophilus nov. sp. et P. pelliculatus nov. sp.. Bull. Soc. Mycol. Fr. 73: 331, 1957. Kavanagh K , Whittaker PA . Application of the Melle-Boinot process to the fermentation of xylose by Pachysolen tannophilus. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 42: 28-31, 1994. Vanetti MC , Aquarone E . Riboflavin excretion by Pachysolen tannophilus grown in synthetic medium supplemented with D-xylose. World J. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 8: 190-191, 1992. Soto T , et al. Posttranslational regulatory control of trehalase induced by nutrients, metabolic inhibitors, and physical agents in Pachysolen tannophilus. Fungal Genet. Biol. 20: 143-151, 1996. Maleszka R , et al.. Ethanol production from D-galactose and glycerol by Pachysolen tannophilus. Enzyme Microb. Technol. 4: 349-352, 1982. Schneider H , et al.. Conversion of D-xylose into ethanol by the yeast Pachysolen tannophilus. Biotechnol. Lett. 3: 89-92, 1981. Maleszka R , et al.. Enhanced rate of ethanol production from D-xylose using recycled or immobilized cells of Pachysolen tannophilus. Biotechnol. Lett. 3: 415-420, 1981. Ohno N , et al.. Purification and properties of an exo(1>3)-beta-D-glucanase from the culture filtrate of Mucor hiemalis. Carbohydr. Res. 158: 217-226, 1986. Kurtzman CP . Biology and physiology of the D-xylose fermenting yeast Pachysolen tannophilus. Adv. Biochem. Eng. Biotechnol. 27: 73-83, 1983. Slininger PJ , et al. Conversion of D-xylose to ethanol by the yeast Pachysolen tannophilus. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 24: 371-384, 1982. Detroy RW , et al. Bioconversion of wheat straw cellulose/ hemicellulose to ethanol by Saccharomyces uvarum and Pachysolen tannophilus. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 24: 1105-1113, 1982.

Physical Characteristics

  • Optimum TemperatureUnknown
  • Miniumum TemperatureUnknown
  • Maximum TemperatureUnknown

Cells

  • ShapeRound-oval
  • Min Broth Breadth (µm)4
  • Max Broth Breadth (µm)6
  • Min Broth Length (µm)4
  • Max Broth Length (µm)7
  • Min Agar Breadth (µm)3
  • Max Agar Breadth (µm)4
  • Min Agar Length (µm)3
  • Max Agar Length (µm)7
  • ArrangementPairs
  • Colour on AgarCream
  • Surface on AgarShiny
  • Texture on AgarSmooth
  • Deposit in BrothNon-Flocculent
  • Ring in BrothAbsent
  • Ring ColourUnknown
  • Pellicle in BrothAbsent
  • Pellicle AppearanceN/A
  • Pellicle HabitatN/A

Cell Division

  • BuddingMultipolar
  • FissionAbsent

Filamentous Growth

  • PseudomyceliumAbsent
  • Pseudomycelium BranchN/A
  • Pseudomycelium FormN/A
  • BlastosporesN/A
  • Blastospore ShapeN/A
  • Blastospore LocationN/A
  • Blastospore HabitatN/A
  • True MyceliumAbsent
  • Clamp ConnectionsAbsent

Asexual Spores

  • BallistosporesAbsent
  • AthrosporesAbsent
  • EndosporesAbsent
  • ChlamydosporesAbsent

Sexual Spores

  • AscosporesAbsent
  • Ascospore ShapeN/A
  • Ascospore WallN/A
  • Ascospores No Per AscusN/A
  • Ascus ShapeN/A
  • ConjugationAbsent
  • TeliosporesAbsent
  • Teliospore ShapeN/A

Miscellaneous

  • AssayUnknown
  • Salt TolerantUnknown
  • KillerUnknown
  • PlasmidUnknown

Semi-Anaerobic Fermentation

  • Glucose +
  • Galactose -
  • Sucrose -
  • Maltose -
  • Cellobiose -
  • Trehalose -
  • Lactose -
  • Melibiose -
  • Raffinose -
  • Melizitose -
  • InulinUnknown
  • Soluble StarchUnknown
  • XyloseUnknown
  • AMD Glucoside -

Aerobic Utilisation and Growth - Sole Sources of Nitrogen

  • NH4 2SO4Unknown
  • KNO3 +
  • EthylamineUnknown
  • CadaverineUnknown
  • LysineUnknown

Other

  • Vitamin Free GrowthUnknown
  • Cyclohex 100Unknown
  • Cyclohex 1000Unknown
  • Glucose Growth 50Unknown
  • Glucose Growth 60Unknown
  • Lipolytic -
  • Acid ProductionUnknown
  • Growth 37Unknown
  • Growth 40Unknown
  • Arbutin Hydrolysis -
  • Urease ActivityUnknown
  • Starch Production -
  • Acid TolerantUnknown

Genomic Sequence Data

No data