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NCYC 874

Phaffia rhodozyma

Pre 2011 Name

Phaffia rhodozyma

Equivalent Strain Designations

ATCC 24202, CBS 5905, CCRC 21346, DSM 5626, DBVPG 7009, IFO 10129, IGC 4172, NRRL Y-10921, UCD 67-210.

Depositor

M.W.Miller

Deposit Date

Unknown 1980

Habitat

Exudate of Fagus crenata, Japan.
Phaffia rhodozyma

Details

Phaffia rhodozyma

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Key Information

Aerobic Utilisation and Growth

  • Glucose +
  • Galactose -
  • Sorbose -
  • Sucrose +
  • Maltose +
  • Cellobiose +
  • Trehalose +
  • Lactose -
  • Melibiose -
  • Raffinose +
  • Melezitose +
  • Inulun -
  • Soluble StarchWeak/Latent
  • XyloseWeak/Latent
  • L Arabinose +
  • D Arabinose -
  • Ribose -
  • Rhamnose -
  • Ethanol -
  • Glycerol -
  • Erythritol -
  • Ribitol -
  • Galactitol -
  • Mannitol +
  • Sorbitol -
  • AMD GlucosideWeak/Latent
  • Salicin -
  • Lactic Acid -
  • Succinic Acid -
  • Citric AcidUnknown
  • Inositol -
  • GluconolactoneUnknown
  • GlucosamineUnknown
  • MethanolUnknown
  • XylitolUnknown

Strain Information

  • Information

    Applications: feed supplement for salmonid fish and crustaceans. Increased production of carotinoids and trans-astaxanthin by addition of mevalonic acid (Biotechnol. Lett. 17: 575-578, 1995). Produces astaxanthin (Johnson EA , 1994; Biotechnol. Lett. 17: 575-578, 1995). Produces carotenoids (Biotechnol. Lett. 17: 575-578, 1995; Hayman GT , et al, 1995). Produces glycoproteins (Tilser I, 1996).

  • DepositorM.W.Miller
  • Deposit NameUnknown
  • Month of depositUnknown
  • Deposit Year1980
  • HabitatExudate of Fagus crenata, Japan.
  • Equivalent Strain DesignationsATCC 24202, CBS 5905, CCRC 21346, DSM 5626, DBVPG 7009, IFO 10129, IGC 4172, NRRL Y-10921, UCD 67-210.
  • ReferencePhaff et al., Proc. IV Int.Ferment.Symp.: Ferment.Technol.Today, p.759-774, 1972. Kucsera et al., A.v.Leuwenhoek 73: 163-168, 1998 (sporulation). Medwid, J.Indust.Microbiol.Biotechnol. 21: 221-232, 1998 (polypoidy). Yamada & Kawasaki, Agric.Biol.Chem. 53: 2845-2846, 1989 (18S rRNA sequences). Pfeiffer et al., Curr.Genet. 30: 294-297, 1996 (dsRNA virus). Andrewes et al., Phytochem. 15: 1003-1007, 1976; Andrewes & Starr, Phytochem. 15: 1009-1101, 1976; Johnson & Lewis, J.Gen.Microbiol. 115: 173-183, 1979 AppLit: Johnson et al. Johnson EA , et al. Processes for in vivo production of astaxanthin and Phaffia rhodozyma yeast of enhanced astaxanthin content. US Patent 5,356,809 dated Oct 18 1994. Golubev WI . Perfect state of Rhodomyces dendrorhous (Phaffia rhodozyma). Yeast 11: 101-110, 1995. Miller MW , et al. Phaffia, a new yeast genus in the Deuteromycotina (Blastomycetes). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 26: 286-291, 1976. Biotechnol. Lett. 17: 575-578, 1995. Hayman GT , et al. Production of carotenoids by Phaffia rhodozyma grown on media composed of corn wet-milling co-products. J. Ind. Microbiol. 14: 389-395, 1995. Tilser I , et al. Effect of supplementation of University of Wisconsin solution with glycoproteins from psychrophilic strains of yeast on hypothermic liver storage of rats. Cryobiology 33: 347-353, 1996. Breierova E . Cryoprotection of psychrophilic yeast species- by the use of additives with croprotective media. Cryo-Lett. 15: 191-197, 1994. Fell JW , Blatt GM . Separation of strains of the yeasts Xanthophyllomyces dendrorhous and Phaffia rhodozyma based on rDNA IGS and ITS sequence analysis. J. Ind. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 23: 677-681, 1999. Fell JW , et al. Biodiversity and systematics of basidiomycetous yeasts as determined by large-subunit rDNA D1/D2 domain sequence analysis. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 50: 1351-1371, 2000.

Physical Characteristics

  • Optimum Temperature23
  • Miniumum Temperature5
  • Maximum Temperature26

Cells

  • ShapeRound-oval
  • Min Broth Breadth (µm)3
  • Max Broth Breadth (µm)5
  • Min Broth Length (µm)4
  • Max Broth Length (µm)9
  • Min Agar Breadth (µm)5
  • Max Agar Breadth (µm)7
  • Min Agar Length (µm)7
  • Max Agar Length (µm)12
  • ArrangementPairs
  • Colour on AgarPink
  • Surface on AgarShiny
  • Texture on AgarSmooth
  • Deposit in BrothNon-Flocculent
  • Ring in BrothAbsent
  • Ring ColourUnknown
  • Pellicle in BrothAbsent
  • Pellicle AppearanceN/A
  • Pellicle HabitatN/A

Cell Division

  • BuddingMultipolar
  • FissionAbsent

Filamentous Growth

  • PseudomyceliumAbsent
  • Pseudomycelium BranchN/A
  • Pseudomycelium FormN/A
  • BlastosporesAbsent
  • Blastospore ShapeN/A
  • Blastospore LocationN/A
  • Blastospore HabitatN/A
  • True MyceliumAbsent
  • Clamp ConnectionsAbsent

Asexual Spores

  • BallistosporesAbsent
  • AthrosporesAbsent
  • EndosporesAbsent
  • ChlamydosporesAbsent

Sexual Spores

  • AscosporesAbsent
  • Ascospore ShapeN/A
  • Ascospore WallN/A
  • Ascospores No Per AscusN/A
  • Ascus ShapeN/A
  • ConjugationAbsent
  • TeliosporesAbsent
  • Teliospore ShapeN/A

Miscellaneous

  • AssayUnknown
  • Salt Tolerant -
  • KillerUnknown
  • PlasmidNo

Semi-Anaerobic Fermentation

  • Glucose +
  • Galactose -
  • SucroseWeak/Latent
  • Maltose -
  • CellobioseUnknown
  • TrehaloseUnknown
  • Lactose -
  • Melibiose -
  • Raffinose +
  • MelizitoseUnknown
  • InulinUnknown
  • Soluble Starch -
  • XyloseUnknown
  • AMD GlucosideUnknown

Aerobic Utilisation and Growth - Sole Sources of Nitrogen

  • NH4 2SO4 -
  • KNO3 -
  • Ethylamine -
  • CadaverineUnknown
  • LysineUnknown

Other

  • Vitamin Free Growth -
  • Cyclohex 100 -
  • Cyclohex 1000 -
  • Glucose Growth 50Unknown
  • Glucose Growth 60 -
  • Lipolytic -
  • Acid Production -
  • Growth 37 -
  • Growth 40Unknown
  • Arbutin Hydrolysis -
  • Urease ActivityUnknown
  • Starch ProductionUnknown
  • Acid Tolerant -

Genomic Sequence Data

No data