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NCYC 1368

Kluyveromyces lactis

Pre 2011 Name

Kluyveromyces lactis

Equivalent Strain Designations

ATCC 8585, CBS 2359, CCRC 21716, DBVPG 6725, DBVPG 6731, DBVPG 6833, DSM 70799, IFO 1267, NRRL Y-1140, VKPM Y 1174

Depositor

IFO

Deposit Date

July 1981

Habitat

Isolated from a creamery.
Kluyveromyces lactis

Details

Kluyveromyces lactis

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Key Information

Aerobic Utilisation and Growth

  • Glucose +
  • Galactose +
  • Sorbose +
  • Sucrose +
  • Maltose +
  • Cellobiose +
  • Trehalose +
  • Lactose +
  • Melibiose -
  • Raffinose +
  • Melezitose +
  • InulunWeak/Latent
  • Soluble Starch -
  • Xylose +
  • L Arabinose -
  • D Arabinose -
  • Ribose -
  • Rhamnose -
  • Ethanol +
  • Glycerol +
  • Erythritol -
  • Ribitol -
  • Galactitol -
  • Mannitol +
  • Sorbitol +
  • AMD Glucoside +
  • Salicin +
  • Lactic Acid +
  • Succinic AcidWeak/Latent
  • Citric Acid -
  • Inositol -
  • GluconolactoneUnknown
  • GlucosamineUnknown
  • MethanolUnknown
  • XylitolUnknown

Strain Information

  • Information

    Produces L-methionine from whey permeate (Kitamoto HK, Nakahara T, 1994). Degrades whey permeate (Kitamoto HK, Nakahara T, 1994). Hydrolyzes whey lactose (Enzyme Microb. Technol, 1994) Produces L-methionine (Kitamoto HK, Nakahara T, 1994). Produces beta-galactosidase (beta-D-galactosidase) (Dickson RC, Markin JS, 1980; Siso MI, 1994). Produces killer toxin (Gunge N, 1981; Butler AR,1991).

  • DepositorIFO
  • Deposit NameKluyveromyces lactis
  • Month of depositJuly
  • Deposit Year1981
  • HabitatIsolated from a creamery.
  • Equivalent Strain DesignationsATCC 8585, CBS 2359, CCRC 21716, DBVPG 6725, DBVPG 6731, DBVPG 6833, DSM 70799, IFO 1267, NRRL Y-1140, VKPM Y 1174
  • ReferenceMaleszka & Clark-Walker, Nucleic Acids Res. 18: 1889, 1990 (sequence gene for cytoplasmic ribosomal RNA small subunit). Steensma et al., Curr.Genet. 14: 311-317, 1988. Bicknell & Douglas, J.Bacteriol. 110, 196, 1972 (DNA). Yeast 9:201, 1993. Gunge & Sakaguchi, J.Bacteriol. 147: 155-169, 1981. Dickson & Markin, J.Bacteriol. 142: 777-785, 1980 (beta-galactosidase induction) Kitamoto HK, Nakahara T. Isolation of an L-methionine-enriched mutant of Kluyveromyces lactis grown on whey permeate. Process Biochem. 29: 127-131, 1994. Enzyme Microb. Technol. 16: 303-310, 1994. Dickson RC, Markin JS. Physiological studies of beta-galactosidase induction in Kluyveromyces lactis. J. Bacteriol. 142: 777-785, 1980. Siso MI. Beta-galactosidase production by Kluyveromyces lactis on milk whey: batch versus fed-batch cultures. Process Biochem. 29: 565-568, 1994. Gunge N, et al. Isolation and characterization of linear deoxyribonucleic acid plasmids from Kluyveromyces lactis and the plasmid-associated killer character. J. Bacteriol. 145: 382-390, 1981. Butler AR, et al. Analysis of the response of Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells to Kluyveromyces lactis toxin. J. Gen. Microbiol. 137: 1749-1757, 1991.

Physical Characteristics

  • Optimum Temperature24
  • Miniumum Temperature9
  • Maximum Temperature35

Cells

  • ShapeRound
  • Min Broth Breadth (µm)2
  • Max Broth Breadth (µm)3
  • Min Broth Length (µm)2
  • Max Broth Length (µm)3
  • Min Agar Breadth (µm)1
  • Max Agar Breadth (µm)2
  • Min Agar Length (µm)2
  • Max Agar Length (µm)2
  • ArrangementFloccs
  • Colour on AgarCream
  • Surface on AgarDull
  • Texture on AgarWrinkled
  • Deposit in BrothFlocculent
  • Ring in BrothAbsent
  • Ring Colour N/A
  • Pellicle in BrothAbsent
  • Pellicle AppearanceN/A
  • Pellicle HabitatN/A

Cell Division

  • BuddingMultipolar
  • FissionAbsent

Filamentous Growth

  • PseudomyceliumAbsent
  • Pseudomycelium BranchN/A
  • Pseudomycelium FormN/A
  • BlastosporesAbsent
  • Blastospore ShapeN/A
  • Blastospore LocationN/A
  • Blastospore HabitatN/A
  • True MyceliumAbsent
  • Clamp ConnectionsAbsent

Asexual Spores

  • BallistosporesAbsent
  • AthrosporesAbsent
  • EndosporesAbsent
  • ChlamydosporesAbsent

Sexual Spores

  • AscosporesAbsent
  • Ascospore ShapeN/A
  • Ascospore WallN/A
  • Ascospores No Per AscusN/A
  • Ascus ShapeN/A
  • ConjugationAbsent
  • TeliosporesAbsent
  • Teliospore ShapeN/A

Miscellaneous

  • AssayUnknown
  • Salt TolerantUnknown
  • KillerUnknown
  • PlasmidYes

Semi-Anaerobic Fermentation

  • Glucose +
  • Galactose +
  • Sucrose +
  • Maltose -
  • Cellobiose -
  • Trehalose -
  • Lactose +
  • Melibiose -
  • Raffinose +
  • Melizitose -
  • Inulin -
  • Soluble Starch -
  • XyloseUnknown
  • AMD Glucoside -

Aerobic Utilisation and Growth - Sole Sources of Nitrogen

  • NH4 2SO4 +
  • KNO3 -
  • Ethylamine -
  • CadaverineUnknown
  • LysineUnknown

Other

  • Vitamin Free Growth -
  • Cyclohex 100 +
  • Cyclohex 1000Unknown
  • Glucose Growth 50 -
  • Glucose Growth 60 -
  • Lipolytic -
  • Acid Production -
  • Growth 37 -
  • Growth 40 -
  • Arbutin Hydrolysis +
  • Urease Activity -
  • Starch Production -
  • Acid TolerantUnknown

Genomic Sequence Data

No data