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NCYC 1426

Kluyveromyces marxianus

Pre 2011 Name

Kluyveromyces marxianus

Equivalent Strain Designations

ATCC 8554, ATCC 34439, CBS 5795, CCRC 21480, DSM 5418, NCYC 1424, No. 15 type E, NRRL Y-1109, UCD 55-61, VTTC-81112.

Depositor

CBS

Deposit Date

July 1982

Habitat

Dairy product, Meadowgold creamery, USA.
Kluyveromyces marxianus

Details

Kluyveromyces marxianus

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Key Information

Aerobic Utilisation and Growth

  • Glucose +
  • Galactose +
  • Sorbose -
  • Sucrose +
  • Maltose -
  • Cellobiose -
  • Trehalose -
  • Lactose +
  • Melibiose -
  • Raffinose +
  • Melezitose -
  • Inulun +
  • Soluble Starch -
  • Xylose -
  • L Arabinose -
  • D Arabinose -
  • Ribose -
  • Rhamnose -
  • Ethanol +
  • GlycerolWeak/Latent
  • Erythritol -
  • Ribitol -
  • Galactitol -
  • Mannitol +
  • Sorbitol -
  • AMD Glucoside -
  • Salicin -
  • Lactic Acid +
  • Succinic Acid +
  • Citric Acid -
  • Inositol -
  • Gluconolactone -
  • Glucosamine -
  • Methanol -
  • XylitolUnknown

Strain Information

  • Information

    Produces biomass on whey permeate of cheddar cheese (DeLaney RA, 1975). Used for assay of trichothecenes (Madhyastha MS, 1994). Degrades glucose (Freer SN , Detroy RW, 1983). Degrades whey permeate (Rapin JD, 1994). Ferments pentoses (Maleszka R , Schneider H, 1982). Used in fungus resistance testing for adhesives. Bacterial resistance testing adhesives (ASTM Standard Test Method D 4783-01e1). Produces acetoin dehydrogenase (diacetyl reductase). (Schwarz JG, Hang YD, 1994). Produces beta-galactosidase (beta-D-galactosidase). (Mahoney RR, 1980; Inchaurrondo VA, 1994) . Produces butanediol dehydrogenase (acetoin reductase). (Schwarz JG, Hang YD, 1993). Produces ethanol. (Freer SN , Detroy RW, 1983). Produces glycerol (glycerine).(Rapin JD, 1994). Produces lactase (US Patent 4,007,283; chen KC, 1982; Mahoney RR, 1975). Produces single-cell protein (DeLaney RA, 1975).

  • DepositorCBS
  • Deposit NameKluyveromyces marxianus
  • Month of depositJuly
  • Deposit Year1982
  • HabitatDairy product, Meadowgold creamery, USA.
  • Equivalent Strain DesignationsATCC 8554, ATCC 34439, CBS 5795, CCRC 21480, DSM 5418, NCYC 1424, No. 15 type E, NRRL Y-1109, UCD 55-61, VTTC-81112.
  • ReferenceCrisan EV , Sorensen SG . Production and utilization of lactase. US Patent 4,007,283 dated Feb 8 1977 Schwarz JG , Hang YD . Study of acetoin reductase from Kluyveromyces marxianus. Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 16: 14-16, 1993. Maleszka R , Schneider H . Fermentation of D-xylose, xylitol, and D-xylulose by yeasts. Can. J. Microbiol. 28: 360-363, 1982. Madhyastha MS , et al. Optimization of yeast bioassay for trichothecene mycotoxins. J. Food Prot. 57: 490-495, 1994. Chen KC , et al. Search method for the optimal medium for the production of lactase by Kluyveromyces fragilis. Enzyme Microb. Technol. 14: 659-664, 1992. ASTM International. Standard test methods for resistance of adhesive preparations in container to attack by bacteria, yeast, and fungi. West Conshohocken, PA: ASTM International; ASTM Standard Test Method D4783-89. Mahoney RR , et al. Selection of strain, growth conditions, and extraction procedures for optimum production of lactase from Kluyveromyces fragilis. J. Dairy Sci. 58: 1620-1629, 1975. Mahoney RR . Number and nature of the sulphydryl groups of beta-galactosidase from Kluyveromyces fragilis. J. Food Biochem. 4: 189-199, 1980. DeLaney RA , et al.. Composition of Saccharomyces fragilis biomass grown on lactose permeate. J. Sci. Food Agric. 26: 1177-1186, 1975. Inchaurrondo VA , et al.. Yeast growth and þ-galactosidase production during aerobic batch cultures in lactose-limited synthetic medium. Process Biochem. 29: 47-54, 1994. Schwarz JG , Hang YD . Kluyveromyces marxianus: a potential source of diacetyl reductase. World J. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 10: 385-387, 1994. Rapin JD , et al. Glycerol production by yeast fermentation of whey permeate. Enzyme Microb. Technol. 16: 143-150, 1994. Freer SN , Detroy RW . Characterization of cellobiose fermentations to ethanol by yeasts. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 25: 541-557, 1983. Wendorff et al., J.Milk Food Technol. 34: 294-299, 3006, 1971 (ß-galactosidase).

Physical Characteristics

  • Optimum Temperature40
  • Miniumum Temperature9
  • Maximum Temperature42

Cells

  • ShapeOval
  • Min Broth Breadth (µm)4
  • Max Broth Breadth (µm)5
  • Min Broth Length (µm)5
  • Max Broth Length (µm)7
  • Min Agar Breadth (µm)2
  • Max Agar Breadth (µm)6
  • Min Agar Length (µm)4
  • Max Agar Length (µm)8
  • ArrangementPairs
  • Colour on AgarCream
  • Surface on AgarShiny
  • Texture on AgarSmooth
  • Deposit in BrothNon-Flocculent
  • Ring in BrothAbsent
  • Ring Colour N/A
  • Pellicle in BrothAbsent
  • Pellicle AppearanceWrinkled
  • Pellicle HabitatUnknown

Cell Division

  • BuddingMultipolar
  • FissionAbsent

Filamentous Growth

  • PseudomyceliumAbsent
  • Pseudomycelium BranchN/A
  • Pseudomycelium FormN/A
  • BlastosporesAbsent
  • Blastospore ShapeN/A
  • Blastospore LocationN/A
  • Blastospore HabitatN/A
  • True MyceliumAbsent
  • Clamp ConnectionsAbsent

Asexual Spores

  • BallistosporesAbsent
  • AthrosporesAbsent
  • EndosporesAbsent
  • ChlamydosporesAbsent

Sexual Spores

  • AscosporesPresent
  • Ascospore ShapeOval
  • Ascospore WallWarty
  • Ascospores No Per AscusUnknown
  • Ascus ShapeUnknown
  • ConjugationAbsent
  • TeliosporesAbsent
  • Teliospore ShapeN/A

Miscellaneous

  • AssayUnknown
  • Salt TolerantUnknown
  • KillerUnknown
  • PlasmidUnknown

Semi-Anaerobic Fermentation

  • Glucose +
  • Galactose +
  • Sucrose +
  • Maltose -
  • Cellobiose -
  • Trehalose -
  • Lactose +
  • Melibiose -
  • Raffinose +
  • Melizitose -
  • Inulin +
  • Soluble Starch -
  • XyloseUnknown
  • AMD Glucoside -

Aerobic Utilisation and Growth - Sole Sources of Nitrogen

  • NH4 2SO4 +
  • KNO3 -
  • Ethylamine +
  • CadaverineUnknown
  • LysineUnknown

Other

  • Vitamin Free Growth -
  • Cyclohex 100 +
  • Cyclohex 1000Unknown
  • Glucose Growth 50 -
  • Glucose Growth 60 -
  • Lipolytic -
  • Acid Production +
  • Growth 37 +
  • Growth 40 +
  • Arbutin Hydrolysis +
  • Urease Activity -
  • Starch Production -
  • Acid TolerantUnknown

Genomic Sequence Data

No data