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NCYC 1429

Kluyveromyces marxianus

Pre 2011 Name

Kluyveromyces marxianus

Equivalent Strain Designations

ATCC 12424, NRRL Y-610, VTT C-83140.

Depositor

ATCC

Deposit Date

August 1982

Habitat

Unknown
Kluyveromyces marxianus

Details

Kluyveromyces marxianus

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Key Information

Aerobic Utilisation and Growth

  • Glucose +
  • Galactose +
  • Sorbose -
  • Sucrose +
  • Maltose -
  • Cellobiose +
  • Trehalose -
  • Lactose +
  • Melibiose -
  • Raffinose +
  • Melezitose -
  • Inulun +
  • Soluble Starch -
  • Xylose +
  • L Arabinose +
  • D Arabinose -
  • RiboseWeak/Latent
  • Rhamnose -
  • Ethanol +
  • Glycerol +
  • Erythritol -
  • RibitolWeak/Latent
  • Galactitol -
  • MannitolWeak/Latent
  • SorbitolWeak/Latent
  • AMD Glucoside -
  • Salicin +
  • Lactic Acid +
  • Succinic Acid +
  • Citric Acid -
  • Inositol -
  • Gluconolactone -
  • Glucosamine -
  • Methanol -
  • XylitolUnknown

Strain Information

  • Information

    Produces inulase (beta-fructofuranosidase), an alternative to invertase for use in confectionary industry. Produces NAD-dependent alcohol dehydrogenase. Produces acetoin dehydrogenase (diacetyl reductase). Produces beta-fructofuranosidase (beta-fructosidase). Produces inulase. Produces inulinase (endoinulinase). Produces lactase. Used as a transformation host.

  • DepositorATCC
  • Deposit NameKluyveromyces fragilis
  • Month of depositAugust
  • Deposit Year1982
  • HabitatUnknown
  • Equivalent Strain DesignationsATCC 12424, NRRL Y-610, VTT C-83140.
  • ReferenceWorkman WE , Day DF . Purification and properties of the beta-fructofuranosidase from Kluyveromyces fragilis. FEBS Lett. 160: 16-20, 1983. Workman WE , Day DF . Enzymatic hydrolysis of inulin to fructose by glutaraldehyde fixed yeast cells. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 26: 905-910, 1984. Schwarz JG , Hang YD . Study of acetoin reductase from Kluyveromyces marxianus. Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 16: 14-16, 1993. Wickerham LJ , Burton KA . Hydridization studies involving Saccharomyces lactis and Zygosaccharomyces ashbyi. J. Bacteriol. 71: 290-302, 1956. Biotechnol. Lett. 7: 179-184, 1985. Iborra F . High efficiency transformation of Kluyveromyces marxianus by a replicative plasmid. Curr. Genet. 24: 181-183, 1993. Laloux O , et al. Cloning and sequencing of the inulinase gene of Kluyveromyces marxianus var. marxianus ATCC 12424. FEBS Lett. 289: 64-68, 1991. Groot Wassink JW , Fleming SE . Non-specific beta-fructofuranosidase (inulase) from Kluyveromyces fragilis: batch and continuous fermentation, simple recovery method, and some industrial properties. Enzyme Microb. Technol. 2: 45-53, 1980. Hewitt GM , Grootwassink JW . Simultaneous production of inulase and lactase in batch and continuous cultures of Kluyveromyces fragilis. Enzyme Microb. Technol. 6: 263-270, 1984. Schwarz JG , Hang YD . Kluyveromyces marxianus: a potential source of diacetyl reductase. World J. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 10: 385-387, 1994. Sanfacon R , et al. Alcohol dehydrogenase activity in the yeast Saccharomyces fragilis. Can. J. Microbiol. 18: 35-44, 1972.

Physical Characteristics

  • Optimum Temperature42
  • Miniumum Temperature12
  • Maximum Temperature47

Cells

  • ShapeLong-oval
  • Min Broth Breadth (µm)2
  • Max Broth Breadth (µm)5
  • Min Broth Length (µm)5
  • Max Broth Length (µm)15
  • Min Agar Breadth (µm)3
  • Max Agar Breadth (µm)7
  • Min Agar Length (µm)4
  • Max Agar Length (µm)12
  • ArrangementSingle
  • Colour on AgarCream
  • Surface on AgarShiny
  • Texture on AgarSmooth
  • Deposit in BrothNon-Flocculent
  • Ring in BrothAbsent
  • Ring Colour N/A
  • Pellicle in BrothAbsent
  • Pellicle AppearanceN/A
  • Pellicle HabitatN/A

Cell Division

  • BuddingMultipolar
  • FissionAbsent

Filamentous Growth

  • PseudomyceliumWell formed
  • Pseudomycelium BranchIrregularly branched
  • Pseudomycelium FormUnknown
  • BlastosporesAbsent
  • Blastospore ShapeN/A
  • Blastospore LocationN/A
  • Blastospore HabitatN/A
  • True MyceliumAbsent
  • Clamp ConnectionsAbsent

Asexual Spores

  • BallistosporesAbsent
  • AthrosporesAbsent
  • EndosporesAbsent
  • ChlamydosporesAbsent

Sexual Spores

  • AscosporesPresent
  • Ascospore ShapeReniform
  • Ascospore WallUnknown
  • Ascospores No Per Ascus02-Mar
  • Ascus ShapeOval
  • ConjugationAbsent
  • TeliosporesAbsent
  • Teliospore ShapeN/A

Miscellaneous

  • AssayUnknown
  • Salt TolerantUnknown
  • KillerUnknown
  • PlasmidUnknown

Semi-Anaerobic Fermentation

  • Glucose +
  • Galactose +
  • Sucrose +
  • Maltose -
  • Cellobiose -
  • Trehalose -
  • Lactose +
  • Melibiose -
  • Raffinose +
  • Melizitose -
  • Inulin +
  • Soluble Starch -
  • XyloseUnknown
  • AMD Glucoside -

Aerobic Utilisation and Growth - Sole Sources of Nitrogen

  • NH4 2SO4 +
  • KNO3 -
  • Ethylamine +
  • CadaverineUnknown
  • LysineUnknown

Other

  • Vitamin Free Growth -
  • Cyclohex 100 +
  • Cyclohex 1000Unknown
  • Glucose Growth 50 -
  • Glucose Growth 60Unknown
  • LipolyticUnknown
  • Acid Production -
  • Growth 37 +
  • Growth 40 +
  • Arbutin Hydrolysis +
  • Urease Activity -
  • Starch Production -
  • Acid TolerantUnknown

Genomic Sequence Data

No data