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NCYC 587

Kluyveromyces marxianus

Pre 2011 Name

Kluyveromyces marxianus

Equivalent Strain Designations

ATCC 36907

Depositor

Dr. M. Ingram

Deposit Date

January 1959

Habitat

Souring figs, California, USA.
Kluyveromyces marxianus

Details

Kluyveromyces marxianus

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Key Information

Aerobic Utilisation and Growth

  • Glucose +
  • Galactose +
  • Sorbose -
  • Sucrose +
  • Maltose -
  • Cellobiose +
  • Trehalose -
  • Lactose +
  • Melibiose -
  • Raffinose +
  • Melezitose -
  • Inulun +
  • Soluble Starch -
  • Xylose +
  • L Arabinose +
  • D Arabinose -
  • Ribose -
  • Rhamnose -
  • Ethanol +
  • Glycerol -
  • Erythritol -
  • Ribitol +
  • Galactitol -
  • Mannitol +
  • Sorbitol +
  • AMD Glucoside -
  • Salicin +
  • Lactic Acid +
  • Succinic Acid +
  • Citric Acid -
  • Inositol -
  • Gluconolactone -
  • Glucosamine -
  • Methanol -
  • Xylitol +

Strain Information

  • Information

    Degrades whey . Produces beta-galactosidase (beta-D-galactosidase). Produces biomass. Produces inulinase (endoinulinase). Produces killer toxin . Resistant to killer toxin produced by Schwanniomyces occidentalis ATCC 44252. Attacks pectin. Thermophilic strain. Biotin and nicotinic acid essential for growth, Pantothenic acid stimulates growth.

  • DepositorDr. M. Ingram
  • Deposit NameSaccharomyces fragilis
  • Month of depositJanuary
  • Deposit Year1959
  • HabitatSouring figs, California, USA.
  • Equivalent Strain DesignationsATCC 36907
  • ReferenceJ. Bacteriol. 44: 441, 1942. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 33: 212, 1951. Passador-Gurgel GC , et al. Application of a microtitre reader system to the screening of inulinase-producing yeasts. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 45: 158-161, 1996. de Sanchez SB , Castillo FJ . Effect of pH on the growth of Kluyveromyces fragilis on deproteinized whey. Acta Cient. Venez. 31: 24-26, 1980. Chen WB , et al. Isolation, purification, and characterization of a killer protein from Schwanniomyces occidentalis. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 66: 5348-5352, 2000. Maiorella BL , Castillo FJ . Ethanol, biomass, and enzyme production for whey waste abatement. Process Biochem. 19: 157-161, 1984. Young TW , Yagiu M . A comparison of the killer character in different yeasts and its classification. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 44: 59-77, 1978.

Physical Characteristics

  • Optimum Temperature40
  • Miniumum Temperature12
  • Maximum Temperature47

Cells

  • ShapeLong-oval
  • Min Broth Breadth (µm)2
  • Max Broth Breadth (µm)5
  • Min Broth Length (µm)3
  • Max Broth Length (µm)8
  • Min Agar Breadth (µm)1
  • Max Agar Breadth (µm)5
  • Min Agar Length (µm)3
  • Max Agar Length (µm)7
  • ArrangementSingle
  • Colour on AgarCream
  • Surface on AgarUnknown
  • Texture on AgarSmooth
  • Deposit in BrothNon-Flocculent
  • Ring in BrothAbsent
  • Ring ColourUnknown
  • Pellicle in BrothAbsent
  • Pellicle AppearanceN/A
  • Pellicle HabitatN/A

Cell Division

  • BuddingMultipolar
  • FissionAbsent

Filamentous Growth

  • PseudomyceliumWell formed
  • Pseudomycelium BranchIrregularly branched
  • Pseudomycelium FormUnknown
  • BlastosporesMany
  • Blastospore ShapeUnknown
  • Blastospore LocationUnknown
  • Blastospore HabitatIn chains
  • True MyceliumAbsent
  • Clamp ConnectionsAbsent

Asexual Spores

  • BallistosporesAbsent
  • AthrosporesAbsent
  • EndosporesAbsent
  • ChlamydosporesAbsent

Sexual Spores

  • AscosporesPresent
  • Ascospore ShapeReniform
  • Ascospore WallSmooth
  • Ascospores No Per AscusUnknown
  • Ascus ShapeUnknown
  • ConjugationAbsent
  • TeliosporesAbsent
  • Teliospore ShapeN/A

Miscellaneous

  • AssayNo
  • Salt Tolerant10%
  • KillerUnknown
  • PlasmidUnknown

Semi-Anaerobic Fermentation

  • Glucose +
  • Galactose +
  • Sucrose +
  • Maltose -
  • Cellobiose -
  • Trehalose -
  • LactoseWeak/Latent
  • Melibiose -
  • RaffinoseWeak/Latent
  • Melizitose -
  • InulinWeak/Latent
  • Soluble Starch -
  • XyloseUnknown
  • AMD Glucoside -

Aerobic Utilisation and Growth - Sole Sources of Nitrogen

  • NH4 2SO4 +
  • KNO3 -
  • Ethylamine +
  • Cadaverine +
  • LysineUnknown

Other

  • Vitamin Free Growth -
  • Cyclohex 100 +
  • Cyclohex 1000 -
  • Glucose Growth 50 -
  • Glucose Growth 60 -
  • Lipolytic -
  • Acid Production -
  • Growth 37 +
  • Growth 40 +
  • Arbutin Hydrolysis +
  • Urease Activity -
  • Starch Production -
  • Acid Tolerant -

Genomic Sequence Data

No data