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NCYC 431

Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Pre 2011 Name

Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Equivalent Strain Designations

ATCC 44732, CBS 2358, NCYC 73, NRRL Y-132.

Depositor

L.J. Wickerham

Deposit Date

March 1955

Habitat

Associated with fermentation
Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Details

Saccharomyces cerevisiae

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Key Information

Aerobic Utilisation and Growth

  • Glucose +
  • Galactose +
  • Sorbose -
  • Sucrose +
  • Maltose +
  • Cellobiose -
  • TrehaloseWeak/Latent
  • Lactose -
  • Melibiose -
  • RaffinoseWeak/Latent
  • Melezitose -
  • Inulun -
  • Soluble Starch -
  • Xylose -
  • L Arabinose -
  • D Arabinose -
  • Ribose -
  • Rhamnose -
  • Ethanol +
  • Glycerol -
  • Erythritol -
  • Ribitol -
  • Galactitol -
  • Mannitol -
  • Sorbitol -
  • AMD Glucoside -
  • Salicin -
  • Lactic AcidWeak/Latent
  • Succinic Acid -
  • Citric Acid -
  • Inositol -
  • Gluconolactone -
  • Glucosamine -
  • Methanol -
  • Xylitol -

Strain Information

  • Information

    Produces sterol-binding polysaccharides (Pillai CG , Weete JD , 1981). Produces ethanol using membrane bioreactor (Cheryan M , Mehaia MA , 1984). Transformation of organosulfides to sulfoxides (Biotechnol. Lett. 17: 1069-1074, 1995). Produces ethyl alcohol [ethanol] (Cheryan M , Mehaia MA , 1984). Produces polygalacturonase [pectinase] ( McKay AM, 1990). Diploid, highly ethanol-tolerant (13% v/v) Produces polysaccharides (Pillai CG , Weete JD, 1975).

  • DepositorL.J. Wickerham
  • Deposit NameSaccharomyces cerevisiae
  • Month of depositMarch
  • Deposit Year1955
  • HabitatAssociated with fermentation
  • Equivalent Strain DesignationsATCC 44732, CBS 2358, NCYC 73, NRRL Y-132.
  • ReferenceNess F, et al. Identification of yeast strains using the polymerase chain reaction. J. Sci. Food Agric. 62: 89-94, 1993. Biotechnol. Lett. 17: 1069-1074, 1995. Pillai CG, Weete JD . Sterol-binding polysaccharides of Rhizopus arrhizus, Penicillium roquefortii and Saccharomyces carlsbergensis. Phytochemistry 14: 2347-2351, 1975. Robinson CW, et al.. Ethanol production by immobilized yeast cells in a packed tower. Adv. Biotechnol. 2: 105-111, 1981. Cheryan M, Mehaia MA . Ethanol production in a membrane recycle bioreactor. Process Biochem. 19: 204-208, 1984. Hill GA , Robinson CW. Morphological behaviour of Saccharomyces cerevisiae during continuous fermentation. Biotechnol. Lett. 10: 815-820, 1988. McKay AM. Degradation of polygalacturonic acid by Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 11: 41-44, 1990. Ghase TK, Tyagi RD. Rapid ethanol fermentation of cellulose hydrolysate. II. Product and substrate inhibition and optimization of fermentor design. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 21: 1401-1420, 1979. Pan et al., Anal.Chem. 25: 23, 1953 (analysis).

Physical Characteristics

  • Optimum Temperature34
  • Miniumum Temperature11
  • Maximum Temperature39

Cells

  • ShapeRound-oval
  • Min Broth Breadth (µm)3
  • Max Broth Breadth (µm)7
  • Min Broth Length (µm)5
  • Max Broth Length (µm)7
  • Min Agar Breadth (µm)3
  • Max Agar Breadth (µm)5
  • Min Agar Length (µm)3
  • Max Agar Length (µm)8
  • ArrangementUnknown
  • Colour on AgarCream
  • Surface on AgarShiny
  • Texture on AgarSmooth
  • Deposit in BrothNon-Flocculent
  • Ring in BrothAbsent
  • Ring ColourUnknown
  • Pellicle in BrothAbsent
  • Pellicle AppearanceN/A
  • Pellicle HabitatN/A

Cell Division

  • BuddingMultipolar
  • FissionAbsent

Filamentous Growth

  • PseudomyceliumAbsent
  • Pseudomycelium BranchN/A
  • Pseudomycelium FormN/A
  • BlastosporesAbsent
  • Blastospore ShapeN/A
  • Blastospore LocationN/A
  • Blastospore HabitatN/A
  • True MyceliumAbsent
  • Clamp ConnectionsAbsent

Asexual Spores

  • BallistosporesAbsent
  • AthrosporesAbsent
  • EndosporesAbsent
  • ChlamydosporesAbsent

Sexual Spores

  • AscosporesPresent
  • Ascospore ShapeRound
  • Ascospore WallSmooth
  • Ascospores No Per Ascus4
  • Ascus ShapeUnknown
  • ConjugationAbsent
  • TeliosporesAbsent
  • Teliospore ShapeUnknown

Miscellaneous

  • AssayNo
  • Salt TolerantUnknown
  • KillerUnknown
  • PlasmidUnknown

Semi-Anaerobic Fermentation

  • Glucose +
  • Galactose +
  • Sucrose +
  • Maltose +
  • Cellobiose -
  • Trehalose -
  • Lactose -
  • Melibiose -
  • Raffinose +
  • Melizitose -
  • Inulin -
  • Soluble Starch -
  • XyloseUnknown
  • AMD Glucoside -

Aerobic Utilisation and Growth - Sole Sources of Nitrogen

  • NH4 2SO4 +
  • KNO3 -
  • Ethylamine -
  • Cadaverine -
  • LysineUnknown

Other

  • Vitamin Free Growth -
  • Cyclohex 100 -
  • Cyclohex 1000Unknown
  • Glucose Growth 50 -
  • Glucose Growth 60Unknown
  • Lipolytic -
  • Acid ProductionWeak/Latent
  • Growth 37 +
  • Growth 40Unknown
  • Arbutin Hydrolysis -
  • Urease Activity -
  • Starch Production -
  • Acid TolerantUnknown

Brewing Information

  • DescriptionUnknown
  • DepositUnknown
  • HeadUnknown
  • AttenuationUnknown
  • ClarityUnknown
  • Fermentation RateUnknown
  • FlocculenceUnknown

Genomic Sequence Data

No data