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NCYC 1449

Starmerella bombicola

Pre 2011 Name

Candida bombicola

Equivalent Strain Designations

ATCC 22214, CBS 6009, CCRC 21323, CCRC 22302, DBVPG 6870, IFO 1449, IFO 10243, JCM 9596, NRIC 1806, NRRL Y-17069.

Depositor

CBS

Deposit Date

February 1983

Habitat

Honey of Bombus sp.
Starmerella bombicola

Details

Starmerella bombicola

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Key Information

Aerobic Utilisation and Growth

  • Glucose+
  • Galactose+
  • Sorbose-
  • SucroseWeak/Latent
  • Maltose-
  • Cellobiose-
  • Trehalose-
  • Lactose-
  • Melibiose-
  • Raffinose-
  • Melezitose-
  • Inulun-
  • Soluble Starch-
  • Xylose-
  • L Arabinose-
  • D Arabinose-
  • RiboseWeak/Latent
  • Rhamnose-
  • Ethanol+
  • Glycerol+
  • Erythritol-
  • Ribitol-
  • Galactitol-
  • Mannitol+
  • Sorbitol+
  • AMD Glucoside-
  • Salicin-
  • Lactic Acid-
  • Succinic Acid-
  • Citric Acid-
  • Inositol-
  • Gluconolactone+
  • Glucosamine-
  • Methanol-
  • XylitolUnknown

Strain Information

  • Information

    Mating type: h+ Produces sophorose lipids. Type strain of Starmerella bombicola. Type strain of Torulopsis bombicola.

  • DepositorCBS
  • Deposit NameCandida bombicola, Torulopsis bombicola, Starmerella bombico
  • Month of depositFebruary
  • Deposit Year1983
  • HabitatHoney of Bombus sp.
  • Equivalent Strain DesignationsATCC 22214, CBS 6009, CCRC 21323, CCRC 22302, DBVPG 6870, IFO 1449, IFO 10243, JCM 9596, NRIC 1806, NRRL Y-17069.
  • ReferenceHommel RK , et al. Production of sophorose lipid by Candida (Torulopsis) apicola grown on glucose. J. Biotechnol. 33: 147-155, 1994. McCaffrey W , Cooper DG . Sophorolipids production by Candida bombicola using self-cycling fermentation. J. Ferment. Bioeng. 79: 146-151, 1995. Spencer JF , et al. Torulopsis bombicola sp. n.. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 36: 129-133, 1970. Brakemeier A , et al. Novel sophorose lipids from microbial conversion of 2-alkanols. Biotechnol. Lett. 17: 1183-1188, 1995. Rau U , et al. Influence of substrate supply on the production of sophorose lipids by Candida bombicola. Biotechnol. Lett. 18: 149-154, 1996. Rosa CA , Lachance MA . The yeast genus Starmerella gen. nov. and Starmerella bombicola sp. nov., the teleomorph of Candida bombicola (Spencer, Gorin & Tullock) Meyer & Yarrow. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 48: 1413-1417, 1998. Casas JA , Garcia-Ochoa F . Sophorolipid production by Candida bombicola: medium composition and culture methods. J. Biosci. Bioeng. 88: 488-494, 1999. Kurtzman CP , Robnett CJ . Identification of clinically important ascomycetous yeasts based on nucleotide divergence in the 5' end of the large-subunit (26S) ribosomal DNA gene. J. Clin. Microbiol. 35: 1216-1223, 1997. Ito S , et al.. Growth of yeasts on n-alkanes: inhibition by a lactonic sophorolipid produced by Torulopsis bombicola. Agric. Biol. Chem. 44: 2221-2223, 1980. Gobbert U , et al.. Sophorose lipid formation by resting cells of Torulopsis bombicola. Biotechnol. Lett. 6: 225-230, 1984. Krivobok S , et al.. Production and toxicity assessment of sophorosides from Torulopsis bombicola. J. Agric. Food Chem. 42: 1247-1250, 1994. Davila AM , et al.. Sophorose lipid production from lipidic precursors: predictive evaluation of industrial substrates. J. Ind. Microbiol. 13: 249-257, 1994. Hommel RK , Huse K . Regulation of sophorose lipid production by Candida (Torulopsis) apicola. Biotechnol. Lett. 15: 853-858, 1993.

Physical Characteristics

  • Optimum Temperature28.8
  • Miniumum Temperature14
  • Maximum Temperature31.3

Cells

  • ShapeElongated
  • Min Broth Breadth (µm)2
  • Max Broth Breadth (µm)3
  • Min Broth Length (µm)10
  • Max Broth Length (µm)20
  • Min Agar Breadth (µm)Unknown
  • Max Agar Breadth (µm)Unknown
  • Min Agar Length (µm)Unknown
  • Max Agar Length (µm)Unknown
  • ArrangementChains
  • Colour on AgarBrown
  • Surface on AgarDull
  • Texture on AgarWrinkled
  • Deposit in BrothFlocculent
  • Ring in BrothAbsent
  • Ring ColourUnknown
  • Pellicle in BrothAbsent
  • Pellicle AppearanceUnknown
  • Pellicle HabitatUnknown

Cell Division

  • BuddingMultipolar
  • FissionAbsent

Filamentous Growth

  • PseudomyceliumAbsent
  • Pseudomycelium BranchUnknown
  • Pseudomycelium FormN/A
  • BlastosporesUnknown
  • Blastospore ShapeUnknown
  • Blastospore LocationUnknown
  • Blastospore HabitatUnknown
  • True MyceliumAbsent
  • Clamp ConnectionsAbsent

Asexual Spores

  • BallistosporesAbsent
  • AthrosporesAbsent
  • EndosporesAbsent
  • ChlamydosporesAbsent

Sexual Spores

  • AscosporesAbsent
  • Ascospore ShapeUnknown
  • Ascospore WallUnknown
  • Ascospores No Per AscusN/A
  • Ascus ShapeN/A
  • ConjugationAbsent
  • TeliosporesAbsent
  • Teliospore ShapeUnknown

Miscellaneous

  • AssayNo
  • Salt TolerantUnknown
  • KillerUnknown
  • PlasmidUnknown

Semi-Anaerobic Fermentation

  • Glucose+
  • Galactose-
  • Sucrose+
  • Maltose-
  • Cellobiose-
  • Trehalose-
  • Lactose-
  • Melibiose-
  • Raffinose+
  • Melizitose-
  • Inulin-
  • Soluble Starch-
  • XyloseUnknown
  • AMD Glucoside-

Aerobic Utilisation and Growth - Sole Sources of Nitrogen

  • NH4 2SO4+
  • KNO3-
  • Ethylamine+
  • CadaverineUnknown
  • LysineUnknown

Other

  • Vitamin Free Growth-
  • Cyclohex 100-
  • Cyclohex 1000-
  • Glucose Growth 50-
  • Glucose Growth 60-
  • Lipolytic-
  • Acid ProductionWeak/Latent
  • Growth 37-
  • Growth 40-
  • Arbutin Hydrolysis-
  • Urease Activity-
  • Starch Production-
  • Acid TolerantUnknown

Genomic Sequence Data

No data